The Symbolism Of The Irish Penal Crucifix
Hammer: For the nails of the Cross.
Halo: Crown of Thorns was not usually shown, hence the halo.
Jug or Chalice: Represents the Last Supper.
Cords: Represent the binding and scourging at the pillar.
Spear: Represents the piercing of the side of Jesus.
Small Marks Along The Side of The Corpus: Indicate a ladder, both used in the Crucifixion and by which we ascend to Heaven.
The Cock and Pot: Symbolize the early apocryphal legend relating to Judas the betrayer, and also the roosting cock which suddenly came to life and crowed, prophesying the Resurrection.
Three Nails: Represents the tools of the Crucifixion.
Penal Crucifix - Front
Penal Crucifix - Reverse